Key questions on infections in pregnancy

Dr Jessica Garner, clinical fellow in obstetrics and gynaecology and Miss Maryam Parisaei, consultant obstetrician and gynaecologist, on investigating rash in pregnant women, managing chicken pox in pregnancy and travel advice for zika virus.

1.5 CPD hours

Key questions on atrial fibrillation

Dr John Dean, consultant cardiologist, on identifying patients with AF, personalised care and manging patients who are persistently unwell despite treatment

1 CPD hour

Case by case: visual loss

Consultant ophthalmic surgeon Mr Ramu Muniraju with cases on posterior vitreous detachment, diabetic retinopathy and when to refer urgently to secondary care

1.5 CPD hours

Key questions on vitamin D

Module summary

Consultant endocrinologists Dr Zaki Hassan-Smith and Professor Neil Gittoes answer questions on the prevention and management of vitamin D deficiency.

Learning objectives

This module will bring you up to date on vitamin D deficiency, including:

  • Thresholds for replacement in vitamin D insufficiency 
  • The role of vitamin D in fatigue and chronic disease
  • How much sun exposure is needed for natural vitamin D production
  • Treating children with vitamin D

Dr Zaki Hassan-Smith is a consultant endocrinologist at University Hospital Birmingham and honorary senior research fellow at the University of Birmingham.


Professor Neil Gittoes is a consultant endocrinologist and honorary professor of medicine, at Queen Elizabeth Hospital Birmingham.


Dr Sara Ritchie, who provided the questions, is a GP in Stoke Newington, north London

Date module published
Module due for review
Suggested number of CPD credits
Completing this module will earn you a certificate for a suggested
1.5 CPD hours
By showing evidence of impact you could double that to
3 CPD hours
What other GPs said after completing this module
Mukthar Ahmad
Abraham Thomas
great information
Suresh Mason
Wasnt as useful as hoped. Mainly depressing as it explains the burden but doesnt really explain any guidance.
Laura Fleming
George Duru